Nokias beginnings, inconceivable as it may seem, lie in the cable, paper and rubber industries. A Finnish Engineer by the name of Fredrik Idestam founded a paper mill close to the river Nokianvirta, in southern Finland and soon acquired success with the increasing need for cardboard paper throughout the industrial revolution. Soon after, Finnish Rubber Works was established in the same area, selecting Nokia as a brand name for quite a few of its rubber products including footwear and tires. It invested intelligently and acquired majority shares in Finnish Cable Works, a organization established in the early twentieth century, which acquired success in the post World War II time due to a increasing need for telephone and electric products.
The exact initiation of Nokias mobile business can be followed to 1960 when Finnish Cable Works started its first electronics division, whose number one function was to retail and work computers. After a short while, Finnish Cable Works and Finnish Rubber Works combined to establish the Nokia Group. At this time the electronics division contributed less than five percent of entire profits and it was not until the eighties that Nokias mobile venture really commenced to expand.
The era of mobile phones began in 1981 when the primary international cellular network, Nordic Mobile Telephone (NMT), was initiated and Europe had by then deregulated its telecommunication industry. Morbia Oy, a joint venture between Nokia and a top Finnish television fabricator, introduced its first portable phone, the Morbia Talkman, followed by the Morbia Cityman, the original hand held phone that could be used on the Nordic network. By the end of the 1980s Nokia was well positioned to head the world in mobile communication.
The early part of the 1990s viewed the birth of the Global System for Mobile Communication or GSM and Nokia was used to make the first GSM call ever in the history of mankind. It was at this time that Nokias leading management decided to deliberately concentrate fundamentally on telecommunication and dissipate its other unimportant business units. The period was a extraordinary one for Nokia with chief occasions such as the inauguration of its first GSM phone, the introduction of the famous Nokia Tune and Snake game and the debut of the worlds first Wireless Application Protocol (WAP) phone equipped to browse the internet. But most vitally, Nokia was now the overall leader in the mobile phone sector having quickly introduced a barrage of well-branded models.
Nokia kept its lead in the twenty first century with the introduction of its original 3G phone in 2002. 3G services enabled mobile users to attain more cutting edge services including wireless internet and video calls. Gaming and multimedia had also become a big industry and Nokia fused multiplayer gaming options in its more cutting edge phones like the N-Gage, while the trendy N series fulfilled the variety of video and audio demands of its steady consumers. By 2005 Nokia had sold greater than one billion phones virtually half the number of international cellular subscriptions of two billion.
These days Nokia is established as the one of the most valued names throughout the world with flourishing businesses in mobile phones, wireless data services, multimedia terminals and telecommunication networks. It has always launched novel services like the Ovi, a website which enables users to download nifty Nokia applications and save and shift digital data, throughout the years to add to the user experience. No wonder hundreds of Nokia mobile phone users across the earth look at it not just as a mobile phone, but a valuable tool for everyday life.